ODA Reports

China’s Development Finance to Asia

  • 저자: 오윤아
  • 발간일: 2018년 8월
This study empirically examines China’s development finance to developing countries with a focus on Asia from 2000 to 2012. It uses AidData's Global Chinese Official Finance Dataset, one of the most reliable and publicly available data sources that systematically collects and differentiates different types of China’s official development financial flows, to produce descriptive and inferential statistics for Asia, a world region where the rise of China poses unique challenges. Descriptive statistical analysis indicates that South Asia was the largest recipient of China’s ODA-like flows in Asia for the period under study while the majority of China’s OOF-like flows to Asia went to Eastern Europe and Central Asia. In both types of flows, energy, transport, and mining sectors received the bulk of financing. The estimation results show that China’s allocation decisions for its concessional flows in the region have strong motives of pursuing strategic interests while its less concessional flows are committed to more governance-challenged countries. This study also provides detailed discussion of the trends in China’s development finance to Southeast Asia, a subregion which is critical to China’s strategic and economic interests.

FAO and the SDGs. Indicators: Measuring Up to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

  • 저자: FAO
  • 발간일: 2017년
On 25 September 2015, the 193 Member States of the United Nations adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – including 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets – committing the international community to end poverty and hunger and achieve sustainable development between 2016 and 2030. Six months later, a global indicator framework for the SDGs – comprising 230 indicators - was identified to monitor the 169 targets and track progress, becoming the foundation of the SDGs’ accountability structure. The number of indicators - four times greater than for the MDGs - represents an immense challenge for countries. FAO - proposed ‘custodian’ UN agency for 21 SDG indicators and a contributing agency for six more – can assist countries in meeting the new monitoring challenges. This publication presents FAO’s work in developing and strengthening indicators that measure food, agriculture and the sustainable use of natural resources, shining a light on the 21 indicators of FAO custodianship. It describes how the organization can support countries track progress and make the connection between monitoring and policymaking to achieve the SDGs.

Global Development Monitor 2017

  • 저자: Conor M. Savoy
  • 발간일: 2018년 1월 4일
The face of global development is changing rapidly, and the CSIS Global Development Monitor seeks to address the complex issues highlighted by the recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals. Over a dozen CSIS experts and affiliates examine the role and purpose of official development assistance against a backdrop of global trends, including forced migration, human rights, global health, urban planning, and the rise of competing multilateral development banks. In particular, the essays explore ways in which official donors and key partners, such as the private sector, civil society, and multilateral institutions, can improve livelihoods, strengthen governance, and facilitate access to key resources, including food, energy, and infrastructure.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and GDP: What National Accounts Bring to the Table

  • 저자: Thomas Alexander; Claudia H Dziobek; Tadeusz Galeza
  • 발간일: March 7, 2018
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015 represent a new global consensus to end poverty, promote prosperity, and protect the environment. Goal 8 seeks to improve global resource efficiency in consumption and production and to decouple economic growth (GDP) from environmental degradation while Goal 12 focuses on sustainable consumption and production. While GDP does not capture these broader goals, we suggest that the System of National Accounts which incorporates but goes well beyond GDP, can be used for the measurement of these SDGs and to support policy. We construct a conceptual “super balance sheet” with an expanded asset boundary to include durable consumer goods used to produce services, human capital, and access to resources such as clean water and air, education, health, and infrastructure, to produce an expanded household net worth.

The ASEAN Statistical Community and the Role of External Partners

  • 저자: 오윤아
  • 발간일: 2018년 8월
The institutionalization of ASEAN integration requires more active ASEAN-level policy making, and this requires institutionalized support in, among others, statistical services. Building a regional statistical system to support ASEAN integration is an increasingly important task and deserves greater attention. Compiling, processing and disseminating reliable, timely, and comparable data across member states and at the regional level will provide ASEAN policy-making with a solid basis. ASEAN member states will continue their endeavors, and external partners can extend support to expedite the development of an ASEAN statistical system. Greater investment in project funds and expertise will go a long way. Korea could probably find a role here, at least in supporting already-existing arrangements ASEAN has created without duplications.

Urban Food Systems Governance and Poverty in African Cities

  • 저자: Jane Battersby, Vanessa Watson
  • 발간일: 2018년
As Africa urbanises and the focus of poverty shifts to urban centres, there is an imperative to address poverty in African cities. This is particularly the case in smaller cities, which are often the most rapidly urbanising, but the least able to cope with this growth. This book argues that an examination of the food system and food security provides a valuable lens to interrogate urban poverty. Chapters examine the linkages between poverty, urban food systems and local governance with a focus on case studies from three smaller or secondary cities in Africa: Kisumu (Kenya), Kitwe (Zambia) and Epworth (Zimbabwe).

The book makes a wider contribution to debates on urban studies and urban governance in Africa through analysis of the causes and consequences of the paucity of urban-scale data for decision makers, and by presenting potential methodological innovations to address this paucity. As the global development agenda is increasingly focusing on urban issues, most notably the urban goal of the new Sustainable Development Goals and the New Urban Agenda, the work is timely.

아세안 개황(2018.10)

  • 저자: 아세안협력과
  • 출처: 외교부
  • 등록일: 2018년 10월 31일
아세안 설립 과정부터 분야별 현황과 우리나라와의 관계를 다루고 있다.
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